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Holiday in Ukraine

Uzhhorod 

Uzhhorod or Uzhgorod (Ukrainian and Russian: Ужгород; Rusyn: Уґоград, Ужгород or Унґвар; Hungarian: Ungvár; Slovak: Užhorod; German: Ungwar, Ungarisch Burg; Yiddish: אונגװאר , translit. Ungver or Ingver) is a city located in western Ukraine, at the border with Slovakia and near the border with Hungary.In the past hundred years it has changed hands on average every 20 years (between Hungary, Czechoslovakia, and the USSR and Ukraine.

Uzhhorod can be reached by train from Kiev and has an airport. It is the administrative center of the Zakarpattia Oblast (region), as well as the administrative center of the surrounding Uzhhorodskyi Raion (district) within the oblast.

Uzhgorod gets its name from the Uzh River, which divides the city into two halves (the old and new sections). Uzh (Уж) means ringed snake (Natrix natrix), and horod (город) is Rusyn for city, coming from Old Slavonic grad (градъ).

Uzhgorod is one of the oldest towns in Ukraine. An East Slavic tribe of white Croatians founded their first settlements in Uzhgorod area before 9th century when Uzhgorod (Ungvar) turned into a fortified fortress.

In 903 Hungarians crossed the Carpathians and occupied the town defeating the army of Uzhgorod prince Laborets on the territory of current Slovakia. There is an opinion that the name “Hungary” itself derives from the Hungarian name of Uzhgorod – Ungvar.

Uzhgorod continued widening its boundaries being ruled by the Hungarian kingdom. In 1241 Batyi Mongols burnt the town. In 1318 Hungarian feudal lords Drugets started ruling Uzhgorod and it lasted 360 years. Philip Druget constructed a new castle which is preserved till nowadays.

In 16th-17th centuries Uzhgorod grew economically but at the same time it turned into an arena of fight between the Orthodox, Catholic and Protestant religions. In 1707 the town became a residence of Ferets II Rakotsy, the leader of national liberation war of the Hungarian people.

On Septemebr 10th, 1919, Zakarpattia area with Uzhgorod as the capital was passed to Czechoslovakian republic. In 1938 Uzhgorod was passed to Hungary. On October 27th, 1944, the town was set free of Hungarian and German armies by Soviet troops. In 1945 Uzhgorod State (now National) University was opened.

In 1945 Zakarpattia Ukraine became a part of Ukrainian SSR and the USSR. From January 1946 Uzhgorod was a center of newly formed Zakarpattia oblast.

There are a lot of architectural monuments in Uzhgorod –

Uzhgorodsky castle ,built in the 11th century

The Bishop’s palace (1646),

Legends and ghosts of Uzhgorodsky castle. The castle is a trustful guard of Uzhgorod and is its spiritual defender, one of the most ancient in Ukraine.

A pedestrian bridge which fulfills wishes. One of the most ancient and famous bridges in Uzhgorod stone bridge links 2 absolutely different halves of Uzhgorod - the Old town and the New town.

Lime-tree alley - the longest in Europe. It is 2 km 200 m long and stretches along the Uzh and its 2 embankments - of Independence and the Students’. The alley is in blossom all summer long due to lime-trees of different sorts.

Blossom of sakura. In late April - early May Uzhgorod absolutely changes: hundreds of sakura trees are in blossom - there are pink-white flowers everywhere. Thousands of tourists come to Uzhgorod to enjoy this really beautiful and thrilling view.

A Museum in Vedmina Yama (“Witch’s Pit”). It is one of the first museums in the open air in Ukraine, Zakarpattia museum of folk architecture which is located on the place of former famous Vedmina Yama (“Witch’s Pit”). In medieval time Zakarpattia witches who were linked with the devil were burnt there. Nowadays the museum is a unique ensemble of the Ukrainian national heritage.

Korzo. This is the trade heart of Uzhgorod and consists of shops, cafes and banks.. The name is translated from the Italian as “a street to walk”. This is how former owners of the town called it – they were earls Drugetti from Napoli. This is the street which has preserved the old design of Uzhgorod best of all in the whole city and this is the most beautiful part of Uzhgorod.

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