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Holiday in Ukraine


Vinnitsa is the administrative center of Vinnitsa region of west-central Ukraine and lies along the Yuzhny (Southern) Bug River. The name of the city derives from the old Slavic word “vno” which means “gift”. There are some more versions explaining the name of the town: “vinitsa” – a brewery and Vinichka – a river.

In 9th century the Ulich and Tivert tribes settled there, they were a part of Kievan Rus.Later this area was passed to Galitsky-Volynsky principality. The Golden Horde ruled there over 100 years. After victory of the Lithuanian prince Olgerd’s army in 1362 over Tatars, the area was ruled by Lithuanian principality. Prince Olgerd’s nephews Fyodor and Konstantin Koryatovich constructed towns-fortresses in these lands. They constructed a fortress on the bank of the river Bug which was called “Old Vinnitsa”. The first record of Vinnitsa is in 1396. In 1431 the castle was burnt by Tatars.

In 1558 a new castle was built. The citizens had to repel Tatars’ attacks which happened every year. In 1569 the town became a part of Poland. In early 17th century fortifications and a church complex “Mury” were constructed. In 1649 Vinnitsa was included into Ukraine. In 1667 the city again became a part of Poland.

After Poland was divided for the second time (1793) all these territories were passed to Russia and formed Podolskaya gubernia. In 1860 the population of Vinnitsa was about 10,000. In 1870 a railway Kiev-Balta-Odessa was constructed near the town and it helped the development of the region with its connection with Kiev, Odessa, Moscow, St-Petersburg improved greatly.

Vinnitsa became 3 times larger for the last 40 years of 19th century, it took the first place in commodity circulation in Podolskaya gubernia. During the Civil war power in the town changed a lot of times. Since 1932 the town is the center of Vinnitsa oblast.

On July 19th, 1941, the German army occupied the City and on March 20th, 1944 it was liberated. In fact Hitler had another Werewolf Bunker built for himself here and you can still see the remains! During the war the population of the city decreased to 27,000. By the end of 1948 almost all the industry in region was restored, later other industries were developed: food, light, chemical, machine-building and metal-working.

Vinnitsa attractions

Light and Music Fountain , It is one of the biggest light and music fountains in Europe. The fountain was opened in 2011 on the waterfront opposite the island of Kemp (Festival), next to the “Roshen” factory. Water and light music show takes place every evening. Read more here , with a spectacular video

Museum and Estate of Pirogov. National Museum-Estate of N. Pirogov is located in a picturesque park on the shore of the lake (south-western outskirts of the city). The prominent surgeon bought the estate in 1859. He lived and worked there until his death in 1881.

Local History Museum. The Cities Regional Museum is housed in the former Jesuit monastery - part of the historical-architectural complex “Mura.” The collection consists of 200 thousand exhibits. You can see unique exhibits related to the Scythian and Sarmatian periods, large numismatic and ethnographic collections. The museum also has a skeleton of a mammoth found in the region. Read more here!

Museum of Kotsubynsky. Literary-Memorial Museum of M. Kotsyubinsky is open in the house where the writer was born and lived until 33 years. In 1926, at the initiative of the writer’s brother, restoration was carried out and museum was opened. Exhibits consistently reveal the writer’s career and his public activities

Hitler's headquarters "Werwolf"  Not far from Vinnytsia - in Stryzhavka  - there is one of the most mysterious constructions of the central region of Ukraine -  Hitler's former headquarters "Werwolf" Read more here!

 Water Tower. The original brick tower with clock, standing in the pedestrian area, is considered to be the hallmark of the City. The tower was built as a basis for urban water supply (mistakenly thought to be fire-tower). Since 1993, the tower houses a museum of the memory of soldiers killed during combat operations in Afghanistan in 1979-1989. 

 Church of the Virgin Mary. The church was built in an unusual style of Tuscan Baroque. The church was closed by Soviet authorities, first in 1931, and then, after a revival during the Second World War, it was closed again in 1961. Today the church belongs to the Catholic community of the city. 

Cathedral of the Transfiguration.  The cathedral was built in the 18th century. In 1832 it was transferred to the Orthodox clergy and consecrated as an Orthodox church. Prior to 1991 the building was used as a hall of organ music. Today it belongs to the Moscow Patriarchate. 

St Nicholas Church. The wooden church of St. Nicholas with a bell tower standing on the impressive stone foundation is one of the best examples of Podolia wooden folk architecture school. In Soviet times, the building housed a museum. In 1970 the church was restored.